Chapter 13: Application to Training

Objectives:
  • Distinguish between technical training and physical training
  • Understand how the results of a qualitative analysis to improve technique may also be used to improve technical training
  • Evaluate a technical exercise or drill and determine whether it is appropriate
  • Describe the steps involved in a qualitative anatomical analysis
  • Identify the active muscle groups during any phase of a human movement and whether their contraction is concentric, eccentric, or isometric


Technical and Physical Training

Questions to consider:

  • What is the purpose of the drill or exercise?
  • What aspect of the skill is it specific to?
  • Are the joint positions, velocities, and ranges of motion of the exercise similar to those of the skill?
  • Are the muscle forces and contraction velocities similar?
  • Are the external forces similar?

Why not just perform the activity for training?

Qualitative Anatomical Analysis Method
  • Determine the predominant muscular activity
  • Identify instants when large stresses may occur due to large muscle forces or extremes in joint ranges of motion
  • Divide the activity into temporal phases
  • Identify the joints involved and the movements occurring at those joints
  • Determine the type of muscular contraction and identify the predominant active muscle group at each joint
  • Identify instances when rapid joint angular accelerations occur and where impacts occur
  • Identify any extremes in joint ranges of motion
  • Chart the analysis
Examples:
Vertical Jump
Football Punt
Sprinting

Baseball Swing